Zhe Yang

CentOS 搭建SVN并用钩子自动实现同步到web目录教程

笔者服务器环境、目录情况

系统:CentOS 6.5

网站根目录:/home/wwwroot/test/web

为什么要用svn?

1.方便多人协作。

2.即便是独自一人开发项目,也非常方便代码的部署(Sublime, Zend Studio都有svn的常见,配合快捷键,提交代码非常简单),同时可以找回历史版本的文件。

配置方法

1.安装

yum install subversion

2.检查是否安装成功

svnserve –version

3.创建仓库目录,如果成功会输出版本号

mkdir –p /home/svn/test

4.创建项目

svnadmin create /home/svn/test

5.检查是否创建成功

cd /home/svn/game

ll

如果成功,test目录下会多出几个文件夹

6.进入conf目录会看到3个配置文件,生成的文件中都有英文注释说明

authz:用户权限配置

### This file is an example authorization file for svnserve.

### Its format is identical to that of mod_authz_svn authorization

### files.

### As shown below each section defines authorizations for the path and

### (optional) repository specified by the section name.

### The authorizations follow. An authorization line can refer to:

###  – a single user,

###  – a group of users defined in a special [groups] section,

###  – an alias defined in a special [aliases] section,

###  – all authenticated users, using the ‘$authenticated’ token,

###  – only anonymous users, using the ‘$anonymous’ token,

###  – anyone, using the ‘*’ wildcard.

###

### A match can be inverted by prefixing the rule with ‘~’. Rules can

### grant read (‘r’) access, read-write (‘rw’) access, or no access

### (”).

 

[aliases]

# joe = /C=XZ/ST=Dessert/L=Snake City/O=Snake Oil, Ltd./OU=Research Institute/CN=Joe Average

 

[groups]

# harry_and_sally = harry,sally

# harry_sally_and_joe = harry,sally,&joe

[/]

testusername = rw

 

# [/foo/bar]

# harry = rw

# &joe = r

# * =

 

# [repository:/baz/fuz]

# @harry_and_sally = rw

# * = r

===========================

passwd:用户密码

### This file is an example password file for svnserve.

### Its format is similar to that of svnserve.conf. As shown in the

### example below it contains one section labelled [users].

### The name and password for each user follow, one account per line.

 

[users]

# harry = harryssecret

# sally = sallyssecret

testusername =123456

 

===================

svnserve.conf:

### This file controls the configuration of the svnserve daemon, if you

### use it to allow access to this repository.  (If you only allow

### access through http: and/or file: URLs, then this file is

### irrelevant.)

 

### Visit http://subversion.tigris.org/ for more information.

 

[general]

### These options control access to the repository for unauthenticated

### and authenticated users.  Valid values are “write”, “read”,

### and “none”.  The sample settings below are the defaults.

anon-access = read

auth-access = write

### The password-db option controls the location of the password

### database file.  Unless you specify a path starting with a /,

### the file’s location is relative to the directory containing

### this configuration file.

### If SASL is enabled (see below), this file will NOT be used.

### Uncomment the line below to use the default password file.

password-db = passwd

### The authz-db option controls the location of the authorization

### rules for path-based access control.  Unless you specify a path

### starting with a /, the file’s location is relative to the the

### directory containing this file.  If you don’t specify an

### authz-db, no path-based access control is done.

### Uncomment the line below to use the default authorization file.

authz-db = authz

### This option specifies the authentication realm of the repository.

### If two repositories have the same authentication realm, they should

### have the same password database, and vice versa.  The default realm

### is repository’s uuid.

realm = /home/svn/ise

 

[sasl]

### This option specifies whether you want to use the Cyrus SASL

### library for authentication. Default is false.

### This section will be ignored if svnserve is not built with Cyrus

### SASL support; to check, run ‘svnserve –version’ and look for a line

### reading ‘Cyrus SASL authentication is available.’

# use-sasl = true

### These options specify the desired strength of the security layer

### that you want SASL to provide. 0 means no encryption, 1 means

### integrity-checking only, values larger than 1 are correlated

### to the effective key length for encryption (e.g. 128 means 128-bit


7.启动SVN服务

svnserve -d -r /home/svn

注意:不是svnserve -d -r /home/svn/test

8.在本机安装TortoiseSVN

输入svn://你的ip地址/test

如果弹出输入账号密码的对话框,表示上述设置正确。

9.Svn commit后自动同步到网站根目录的方法

为什么需要同步呢?

原因是我们commit的文件其实是提交到了svn的仓库中,svn仓库不是一个实际的网站根目录。流程如下:本地文件commit到仓库->仓库同步到根目录,可以把仓库理解为一个中转站。

进入到项目下的hooks文件夹

即cd /home/svn/test/hooks

把post-commit.tmpl的扩展名去掉(mv post-commit.tmpl post-commit),并赋予777权限(chmod 777 post-commit)。然后vim post-commit

写入下面红色的部分。

#!/bin/sh

 

export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8

svn co svn://你的ip/test /home/wwwroot/test/web

 

# POST-COMMIT HOOK

 

# The post-commit hook is invoked after a commit.  Subversion runs

# this hook by invoking a program (script, executable, binary, etc.)

# named ‘post-commit’ (for which this file is a template) with the

# following ordered arguments:

#

#   [1] REPOS-PATH   (the path to this repository)

#   [2] REV          (the number of the revision just committed)

#

# The default working directory for the invocation is undefined, so

# the program should set one explicitly if it cares.

#

# Because the commit has already completed and cannot be undone,

# the exit code of the hook program is ignored.  The hook program

# can use the ‘svnlook’ utility to help it examine the

# newly-committed tree.

#

# On a Unix system, the normal procedure is to have ‘post-commit’

# invoke other programs to do the real work, though it may do the

# work itself too.

#

# Note that ‘post-commit’ must be executable by the user(s) who will

# invoke it (typically the user httpd runs as), and that user must

# have filesystem-level permission to access the repository.

#

# On a Windows system, you should name the hook program

# ‘post-commit.bat’ or ‘post-commit.exe’,

# but the basic idea is the same.

#

# The hook program typically does not inherit the environment of

# its parent process.  For example, a common problem is for the

# PATH environment variable to not be set to its usual value, so

# that subprograms fail to launch unless invoked via absolute path.

# If you’re having unexpected problems with a hook program, the

# culprit may be unusual (or missing) environment variables.

#

# Here is an example hook script, for a Unix /bin/sh interpreter.

# For more examples and pre-written hooks, see those in

重要:

然后cd /回到根目录,执行以下语句,这一步的作用是让服务器记忆你svn的账号密码,防止出现权限等问题,首先让你输入你服务器的密码,接着输入svn的账号密码,其中会问你是否记忆,输入yes

svn co svn://你的ip/test /home/wwwroot/test/web

至此svn已经配置完毕,并且可以实现本地一执行上传,自动同步到网站跟目录。

码字很辛苦,转载请注明来自Zhe Yang – Shandong University《CentOS 搭建SVN并用钩子自动实现同步到web目录教程》

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